Dr. Faheem has the tools and expertise to help slow the progression of myopia in adolescents for healthier eyes in adulthood.
What is Myopia?
Near-sightedness, or “Myopia,” is the condition of the eye that focuses light, or the image of what we perceive, in front of the retina, the back portion of our eye which interprets the image, to send to the brain and create our visual perception. This causes distant objects to appear blurry, while close objects appear in focus. Myopia affects nearly 22% of the world’s population, is most prevalent in developed countries, and by some is considered to be an epidemic influenced by our heavy indoor and screen time, focusing mostly on close objects under fluorescent lighting, and not enough time spent outdoors with natural light and distant objects.
Does Myopia get worse?
Yes. Our bodies have an immense and natural ability to heal themselves and compensate for environmental factors that contribute to imperfection. Our eyes are no exception. In fact, the retina has the ability to detect a blurred image and stimulate cell growth in order to achieve an optimal position for a focused image. However, there are several factors that contribute to inaccuracy and therefore, worse vision, including using regular prescription glasses or contacts, as well as not correcting or treating the condition.
Are there risks associated with Myopia?
Yes, the progression of myopia and a high prescription can lead to diseases such as glaucoma, retinal detachment, cataracts, and more.
Is there a cure?
While there is no absolute cure for Myopia, there are several treatments that can slow the progression, especially in young children, as their eyes are still developing and respond well to therapy. Using the latest treatments in optometry and Myopic Control, the retina does not detect a refractive error that would otherwise prompt cell growth that would eventually lead to undesirable consequences. Minimal elongation of the eyeball equals a lower prescription in adulthood, drastically reducing the risks associated with Myopia, like retinal detachment, glaucoma, and cataracts.
How do I know if my child has Myopia?
The only way to diagnose Myopia or any other eye-related issue is with a Comprehensive Eye Exam through a certified Optometrist. Here at Eye Center of Houston, eye health and vision are a top priority for the entire family, at ALL ages. Unlike many other offices, we see patients as young as 6 months of age and highly recommend that every child be seen at that age. A pediatric eye examination at 6 months involves neurological testing that can detect vision and eye problems that, if left untreated, could damage your child’s eyes and hinder their development and interactions with their surroundings. Early detection and treatment can save your child’s vision and drastically improve their quality of life. If your child has no issues, an examination provides priceless ease of mind that they will possess the visual tools necessary to succeed and live a happy, healthy life!
Therapy and Treatments
Orthokeratology; also known as Ortho-K, Overnight Vision Correction, and Corneal Refractive Therapy (CRT); is the only FDA approved advanced method of vision correction. It consists of wearing gas-permeable contact lenses overnight, that gently reshape the cornea (the clear, outermost layer that covers the pupil and iris) while you sleep for perfect vision during the day, without glasses or contacts.
Studies show that Orthokeratology reduces the progression rate of myopia (nearsightedness) in children. Parents often choose orthokeratology treatment to decrease the progression of nearsightedness while eliminating the need for glasses or contacts. When administered at an early age, orthokeratology can drastically decelerate the progression of Myopia, meaning a lower prescription, thinner lenses if glasses are needed, and reduced probability of Myopia-related eye diseases.
Orthokeratology is advantageous to athletes and patients who are around allergens and irritants. It is a great alternative for patients who want clear vision without surgery.